Humanity’s capacity to thrive depends on women. That may seem obvious, given that women and girls comprise half of the population—yet discrepancies persist in earning potential, healthcare access, civil rights, and economic justice for women in every pocket of the planet. These disparaties can be even greater among individuals who identify as gender-diverse or non-binary.
Working to improve gender equality is one of the most important ways we can make life better for everybody on earth—all 7.9 billion of us and counting.
Why support gender equality?
There are billions—about 4 billion to be more specific—of reasons to support gender equality: All the women-identified farmers, doctors, caretakers, and leaders across the world, so many of whom are still seeking access to basic human rights. Women suffer from political and social inequities, and despite their economic potential and capacity for innovation, they continue to earn 20 percent less than men.
Lack of access to education, equal pay, and healthcare doesn’t only affect individual women and girls—it stifles the success of society itself. Poverty and gender inequality have been shown time and again to be linked; conversely, countries where girls receive equal education to boys reflect reliable rates of economic growth and lower rates of domestic and cultural violence.
Studies show that when women have access to participate in local and regional economies and to own homes and other assets, the health and nutrition of their children increases. It is projected that if employment rates for women matched those of men, it could increase world GDP by trillions of dollars.
In short, gender equality represents a safer, healthier, more prosperous society for all.
Read more: Why gender equality is so important
Ways to promote gender equality in daily life
While advancing gender inequity can seem insurmountable, there are actions you can take to help close the gender gap and support the success of women and girls around the world.
Read more: Gender equality around the world: Where and when will it be reached?
1. Help individual women succeed.
According to a report by Kiva and USAID on global gender lens investing, over a billion women around the world are excluded from financial systems. Financial inclusion can help increase women’s incomes, which can lead to increases in household spending on food and education and an improved quality of life.
Promoting financial inclusion among women can help provide women with the opportunities to start businesses, get an education, and increase their independence and agency. It is a practice that helps one woman at a time gain traction to improve their lives while creating benefits that reverberate throughout communities.
More than 80 percent of Kiva loans go to women, many of whom live in developing countries. These loans are facilitated through the work of on-the-ground lending partners like Caurie Microfinance, working to bring their services to women living in remote locations. Based in Senegal, Caurie has raised over US$23.5 million in loans for women, not only disbursing funds but also developing improved tech and mobile platforms that make it possible for its clients to repay loans, conduct transactions, and save money without having to travel to a branch office.
Other Kiva lending partners often include business training, healthcare access, and wraparound services that help individual women succeed.
Read more: Access to finance is critical to help women entrepreneurs around the world improve their earnings
2. Discuss gender equality with family members and children.
In many developed countries and societies, it can be tempting to take women’s freedom for granted. Yet there is still a tremendous chasm to cross in order to achieve gender equality around the world—and closer to home. Talk about the ways women continue to be underrepresented in government and commerce and the positive potential impact of closing the gender gap.
3. Encourage financial inclusion.
Over a billion women are excluded from traditional banking services such as credit, savings, and money transfers that foster independence. More than 70 percent of women-owned small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) have inadequate access to financial services like banking and credit, many with no access at all. Often they don’t have access to these services because of social barriers and systemic poverty—even in developed countries like the U.S. Making microloans through organizations like Kiva helps women access capital to build credit, start businesses, fund education for themselves and their daughters, and support gender equality.
4. Support women-owned businesses.
Where we choose to spend our money matters. Seeking out small businesses owned by women directly supports them and their families or communities. It also improves local economies and surrounding communities: Studies show that women-owned companies are more likely to create jobs in healthcare, food services, and other social sector industries than those owned by men. Seeking out women-owned companies and small businesses in your area is an effective way not only to support gender equality but also to help your community—for every dollar spent at a small business, 67 cents remains in local circulation.
5. Shop from companies and businesses that promote gender equality.
Across corporations and industries, statistics show the positive effects of including women in executive leadership positions:
- Executive teams that are gender-diverse generate better financial performance
- Value chains that are gender-diverse are more agile and create new business opportunities
- Diversity leads to improved decision-making
There is so much power in how we spend our dollars—and where we don’t. There are dozens of big corporations making huge strides in equalizing the workplace for all their employees, with a few global titans leading the way. Make a habit of researching where your dollars are going before making big purchases so you can be sure you’re shopping from companies you feel good about supporting.
Read more: How microfinance providers can improve outcomes for women entrepreneurs
6. Promote gender equality at home.
Encourage the fair division of labor for household chores. Everyone is capable of contributing to the cooking, cleaning, childcare, and other unpaid labor it takes to keep a home and family. Not only does sharing the load between women and men break down stereotypes, it also makes caring for a household easier—many hands make light work.
Ways to improve gender equality in society
All of us live and work in a larger context, and we often encounter people different from us in greater society. We can promote gender equality by acting with kindness and courage:
7. Keep in mind that gender is not the same as biological sex.
While someone’s biological sex refers strictly to biology, gender covers a host of social constructs and expectations that comprise an individual’s identity. Even if a person was not born ‘female’, if they identify as a woman, as gender-diverse, or as non-binary, they will face social and economic risks even greater than those that people born female do. It’s important to keep in mind that these groups need even more support and consideration when discussing gender equality.
Read more: The glass ceiling still looms above for women business owners in the U.S.
8. Speak out against gender-based violence.
Almost one in three women and girls have experienced physical and/or emotional abuse in their lifetime, most often at the hands of a spouse, partner, or relative. Lower-income women are at the highest risk for violence against women, and a lack of reporting violent acts, due to lack of safety and trust with current systems, affects women across all economic and social strata.
Ways to improve gender equality in the workplace
Given the tremendous contributions of women to business, tech, science, government, and every other sector of commercial and cultural importance, it’s hard to believe that gender equality remains an issue in the workplace. However, one only needs to look at the statistics to realize that imbalances still exist:
- Women earn 82 cents compared to every dollar made by men in developed countries; globally, it is just 77 cents. For women of color, immigrant women and mothers, the gap is even larger.
- Though the numbers are increasing, women still occupy just 26 percent of all CEO and managing director positions. Only 23 Fortune 500 companies have women CEOS. In North America, the percentage of women of color in management positions remains in the single digits.
- Mothers and women of child-bearing age with the same career experience as men are less likely to be hired and promoted.
- Women report far more cases of burnout, stress, and exhaustion with work.
While many companies now implement diversity and inclusion measures in their hiring practices and human resources departments, few can boast they’ve closed the gender gap. Since it is still so rare, it bears asking the question: What does gender equality actually look like at work?
- It means every employee has access to the same rights, opportunities and responsibilities within the organization
- All employees feel safe from discrimination
- Training and education are made available to all
- Rewards and promotions are based on merit
- Merit and evaluation systems are unbiased
- Everyone is treated with equal respect
So what can we do to promote gender equality in the workplace, improve working conditions, and provide access to more opportunities for women? Each of us can help, whether we are entrepreneurs, in entry-level positions, gig workers, or climbing the corporate ladder:
9. Check your bias.
Many people don’t realize the implicit ways they have internalized cultural biases of gender and race, which can affect all levels of the workplace. Many employers provide implicit bias training to help dissipate unconscious perceptions.
10. Use gender-inclusive language.
Referring to workers as “individuals” rather than as “men” or “women” in job descriptions, employee handbooks and other company materials decreases bias, even—especially—in roles that have traditionally been held by one particular gender.
11. Advocate for equity.
Addressing the places and issues within company culture that create barriers for women and non-binary employees brings attention to where the work needs to be done. Often, leadership needs to be made aware of gender disparity before anything can change.
12. Ask for better.
Flexible hours, paid family and medical leave, and even offering childcare benefits are ways that some companies are creating a more equitable environment for working mothers (and parents in general!).
13. Focus on performance.
When it comes to promoting gender equality in the workplace, the best way to close the gap is to reward those who create results, bring in revenue, and achieve company goals—regardless of any perceived notions of their abilities.
Ways to advocate for gender equality
While there are myriad actions we can take to promote gender equality at school, at work, and in our everyday lives, gender equality advocacy takes that commitment to a higher level. If you’re passionate about closing the gender gap, creating more opportunities for women and non-binary individuals, and forging a more equitable and just world, here are a few suggestions:
14. Listen and learn.
All of us stand on the shoulders of those who have been doing the work of advocating for gender equality for generations. Read fundamental materials by organizations to understand the progress as well as the pitfalls that have been made. Seek out the past and present leaders of the movement—and have faith in yourself as a future leader.
15. Educate others.
Share what you know in private conversations and public forums. Use facts, statistics, and relevant anecdotes to make your case. While it’s not always easy to remain patient with those who don’t agree, and it is first and foremost an individual responsibility to educate ourselves, sticking to the point that gender equality improves life for everyone can help diffuse uncomfortable conversations.
16. Become an activist.
It is projected that it will take another 132 years for the world to achieve gender equality, but we can speed things up by getting involved. Make sure policy makers at local, regional, national, and international levels know that creating opportunities for women is the way to improve economies. Present gender equality issues as front and center for elections, and grill candidates on their positions. Better yet, run for office yourself!
Related: How Phearong became a womens’ rights leader in Cambodia
17. Support reproductive freedom.
Access to healthcare and sex education, including birth control and the right to choose when and if a woman wants to have children and how many, are a vital pillar of gender equality. Economic development, educational opportunities, and social progress depend on the right of women to control their bodies.
Ways to promote gender equality in school
We know that educating girls is key to economic development and creating women leaders and entrepreneurs. The good news is that global enrollment of women in higher education has tripled from 1995 to 2018. However, ensuring gender equality in the classroom doesn’t come automatically or easily—it takes conscious action:
18. Make sure learning materials represent everyone.
The selection of books, references, and other resources for a class can draw from a diverse group of authors. When the subject matter precludes the inclusion of women or non-binary contributors, address the reasons why that particular resource may not have favored such diversity.
19. Stick with gender-inclusive language.
As in everyday life and in the workplace, the use of gender-inclusive language in the classroom is an important way to ensure everyone feels supported. The use of “you guys” and “ladies and gentlemen” in the classroom favor traditional gender roles and binaries and can make young women and non-binary students feel excluded. When speaking to a group, the use of “students,” “class,” or even “y’all,” are worthy gender-inclusive alternatives.
20. Challenge gender stereotypes.
While teaching anything from math to writing to science, choose examples that go against staid perceptions of gender: Women construction workers, stay-at-home dads—showing people of all genders in various roles helps students realize they need not be limited by anything.
21. Respect pronouns.
When a young person expresses their wish to be referred to by a specific pronoun, honoring that wish affirms the student’s identity to others and promotes gender equality in the classroom.
22. Help fund education for girls.
While women have now surpassed men in the U.S. for college graduation rates, in many places around the world, social norms prevent young women from pursuing college degrees or advanced training. Kiva helps women-identified students crowdsource tuition and living expenses from lenders all over the world, enabling them to advance their opportunities.
Ways to promote gender equality in sports
The U.S. Womens’ National Soccer Team, which Kiva is proud to partner with, made history in 2022 by demanding and receiving the same pay as the men’s team, inspiring women and girls everywhere to seek out equality in sports. But even though women athletes achieved tremendous victories and the 1972 passage of Title IX was meant to guarantee equal representation in U.S. school sports, gender inequalities continue. An unacceptable 90 percent of colleges and universities discriminate against women in sports, and women are still underrepresented in leadership roles in the professional sports sector.
Read more: U.S. Womens’ soccer team announce Kiva partnership, committing $2.5M in loans to women-owned businesses
Here are some key ways to promote gender equality in sports and level the playing field:
23. Be a fan.
Support womens’ and girls’ athletic teams by watching games in person or on television, following their social media, buying season passes, and sporting their merch. This goes for professional, international, and college-level teams as well as high school and younger—cheering from the sidelines encourages young players to stick with it.
24. Be a player.
Not everyone has the prowess to pursue professional sports, but there are plenty of local, low-key athletic opportunities for women of all ages. Even if it's just a workplace softball team or helping coach a kindergarten soccer team, women’s presence matters at every level.
25. Demand better policy.
While gender equality is finally getting attention at the professional level, there is plenty of room for improvement in school and recreational sports organizations. Women and girls deserve equal consideration when it comes to financial aid, funding and participation opportunities.
26. Protect whistleblowers.
Coming forward with examples of gender inequality, discrimination, and sexual harrassment is courageous and often the only way to move the needle towards equality. Help establish anonymous programs to report such instances and protect privacy.
27. Use appropriate language.
When speaking or writing about womens’ sports, focus on skills and performance, not the way uniforms fit or what an athlete does in their private life. Achieving gender equality in sports depends on all athletes receiving the same kinds of respectful treatment from the media, fans, coaches, industry executives, and other players.
Every action counts
To paraphrase Kiva’s Executive Chairwoman Julie Hanna, our work has just begun in achieving gender equality around the world. While the barriers may seem overwhelming, they are not insurmountable—especially when we see that there are so many actionable ways to support women—those who live in our communities and those in cultures across the globe.
Every day, with every dollar, each of us can make a difference. Millions of people have helped by lending on Kiva—funding loans for women seeking to improve their lives. It’s a small way to have a big impact.